Optimizing the Design of Earth Retaining Systems

Optimizing the Design of Earth Retaining Systems

Optimizing the Design of Earth Retaining Systems

A R&D initiative led by Grid Engineers and supported by National Technical University of Athens in order to propose a resilient approach for designing earth retaining structures. The specific objectives of the research include:

  • Assessment of soil-reinforcement interaction factor as a function of transverse wires spacing and soil properties. To achieve this goal, a novel pull-out testing device was designed, manufactured and is currently being operated by Grid Engineers.
  • Comparison of the response of an optimized VSol system against other (similar) design alternatives
  • Seismic Performance of a VSol-reinforced structures: Parametric Analyses and Identification of optimum configurations
  • Guidelines and design charts

Client: Bouygues Construction, FRANCE


Georgiou I., Loli M., Kourkoulis R., Gazetas G. “Pull-out of Steel Grids in dense Sand: Experiments and Design Insights”, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering (accepted for publication).

Loli M., Georgiou I., Tsatsis A., Kourkoulis R., Gelagoti F. (2018). “Pull-out testing of steel reinforced earth systems: modeling in view of soil dilation and boundary effects,” Proc. 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, ICPMG’18, London, UK, 17 – 20 July 2018.

Kourkoulis R., Gelagoti F., Georgiou I., G. Gazetas (2017), “Optimized Performance of MSE retaining walls subjected to extreme ground shaking”, PBDIII, Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering, Vancouver. Georgiou I., Gelagoti F., Kourkoulis R., Gazetas G. (2016), “MSE: a Resilient Retaining System”, 1st International Conference on Natural Hazards and Infrastructure, Chania, Greece.